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Exploring the Unique Culture and Customs of Finland


With its breathtaking landscapes, captivating Northern Lights, and iconic saunas, Finland is a country of rich cultural traditions and customs that have evolved over centuries. In this article, we will delve into the unique aspects of Finnish culture, ranging from their love for nature to their peculiar sauna rituals. So, put on your reindeer mittens and let’s embark on a journey to explore the wonders of Finland.

Nature Appreciation and Outdoor Activities

Finland is a country teeming with natural wonders, and its people have an unparalleled appreciation for the great outdoors. Spending time in nature is deeply ingrained in the Finnish culture. The abundance of forests, lakes, and national parks offer ample opportunities for activities such as berry picking, hiking, fishing, and canoeing. The Finns truly embrace the concept of “everyman’s rights,” which allows them to freely roam and enjoy the pristine landscapes.

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Sauna Culture

The sauna is an integral part of Finnish culture and has a deep-rooted significance dating back thousands of years. Saunas in Finland are not mere bathhouses; they hold a spiritual and social significance. Whether it’s a small lakeside cabin or a public facility in the city, the sauna ritual is considered a place for relaxation, purification, and social bonding.

Typically, Finns enjoy saunas in groups, and the experience includes cycles of hot steam, followed by a plunge into an icy lake or a roll in the snow. The temperature extremes are believed to provide physical and mental rejuvenation. Saunas are also spaces where Finns express their authenticity, as they often engage in honest and open conversations while enjoying the steam.

Midsummer Celebrations

Finland celebrates Midsummer, or Juhannus, with great enthusiasm and reverence. This festivity is typically observed during the weekend of the summer solstice, around June 24th. Bonfires, song and dance, and traditional rituals mark this celebration.

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The Midsummer bonfire, known as kokko, is a central element of the festivities. People gather around the bonfire to sing folk songs, dance, and enjoy grilled sausages and other traditional dishes. This celebration is also believed to be a time for magic and spells, as folklore suggests that mystical creatures roam freely during this time of the year.

Sisu: The Finnish Spirit

Sisu is a Finnish term that embodies the national spirit and mentality. It represents determination, resilience, and the never-give-up attitude in the face of adversity. The concept of sisu is deeply ingrained in Finnish culture and has played a significant role in the country’s history.

Finland’s harsh climate and challenging geographical conditions have required the Finnish people to possess sisu to survive and thrive. The Finnish spirit of sisu has shaped the country’s culture, inspiring strength, perseverance, and endurance in all aspects of life, from professional endeavors to personal relationships.

Finnish Cuisine

Exploring Finnish culture would be incomplete without mentioning its unique culinary traditions. Finnish cuisine is a mosaic of simple yet flavorful dishes, often prepared with locally sourced ingredients.

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One iconic dish is “karjalanpiirakka,” or Karelian pasty, which consists of a thin rye crust filled with rice porridge. Another staple is “kalakukko,” a fish filled pastry that originated from the Savonia region. Besides these traditional foods, Finland is known for its abundant seafood, including salmon, crayfish, and Baltic herring, often served pickled or marinated.


Finland’s rich cultural heritage and customs provide a glimpse into a world where nature, sauna rituals, and unyielding determination coexist harmoniously. From their deep appreciation for nature, unique sauna culture, and festive traditions, to their resilience and flavorful cuisine, Finland offers an enchanting example of a country where customs and culture intertwine to create a truly distinctive and remarkable way of life.

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